JAMB Arabic Syllabus

The aim of the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) 2024 syllabus in Arabic is to prepare candidates for admission into tertiary institutions through the Board’s examination. It is designed to test their achievement of the course objectives, which are to:

  1. answer comprehension questions correctly in standard Arabic;
  2. translate simple texts from English to Arabic and vice versa;
  3. apply the rules of Arabic grammar functionally;
  4. appreciate Arabic literary texts within the contexts of their environment and eras;
  5. use Arabic as a living world language in communication where necessary.

Literature Texts

JAMB’s new literature text for 2024 UTME in Arabic are:

  1. The Nigerian Arabic Poems ; a case study between the old and the new, by Abdulwahab Dan Ladi Shith
  2. Diwaanur Riyardh : A collection of Arabic Poems , by Dr. Isah Alabi Abubakar
  3. The Prospect Of Arabic Language in Nigeria, by Murtadh Badamasi
  4. A Selection of Pulpit Councelling, by Adam Abdullahi Al-Ilory
  5. Why The Anger On Us. A literature text , by Muhammad Salisu Mai Ango
  6. The perfection/Adornment of Pages ; A book of poems, by Abdullahi Bin Fodio

Section A: Comprehension

This section consists of a passage of seventy (70) words. Five multiple-choice questions are to be set on the passage. The contents should be within the experience of the candidates e.g. current affairs, sports, education, politics, economy, health, culture, and ethics. The themes of the two passages should vary.

Candidates should be able to:

  • use appropriate words or phrases for specific thought;
  • deduce the lesson in the passage;
  • determine the main theme of the passage;
  • give an appropriate title of a passage;
  • interpret the meanings of particular words.

Section B: Translation

This section consists of ten (10) questions. Five of them are on translation from English into Arabic while the other five are on translation from Arabic into English. Translation into English includes keywords and phrases in a sentence. Translated questions are to be based on standard Arabic and English usage.

Candidates should be able to:

  • use an appropriate Arabic word or phrase to convey the meaning of an English word or phrase;
  • determine an appropriate English word or phrase for an Arabic statement;
  • interpret idiomatic expressions in both Arabic and English;
  • transfer ideas expressed in Arabic to English and vice versa;
  • communicate effectively in Arabic and English.

Section C: Grammar

Major grammatical features in Arabic to be examined include:

  • Demonstrative and relative pronouns. أسماء اإلشارة والموصولة
  • Gender (Masculine and Feminine). المذكر والمؤنث
  • Characteristics of a noun. عالمات االسم
  • Dual. المثنى
  • Plurals: الجموع
    • sound masculine plural. جمع المذكر السالم
    • sound feminine plural. جمع المؤنث السالم
    • broken plural. جمع التكسير
  • Construct phrases. المضاف والمضاف إليه
  • Separable and inseparable pronouns. الضمائر المنفصلة و المتصلة
  • Appendants: التوابع
    • adjective. النعت
    • conjunction. العطف
    • the permutative. البدل
    • emphasis. التوكيد
  • Prepositions. حروف الجر
  • Transitive & Intransitive verbs. الفعل الالزم والفعل المتعدي
  • The perfect verb. الفعل الماضى
  • The imperfect verb: الفعل المضارع
    • the indicative. المرفوع
    • the subjunctive. المنصوب
    • the jussive. المجزوم
  • The imperative verb. الفعل األمر
  • The modifiers: النواسخ
    • Kana and its associates. كان و أخواتها
    • Inna and its associates. إن و أخواتها
    • Zanna and its associates. ظن و أخواتها
  • Trilateral and derived verbs. الفعل الثالثي المجرد و المزيد فيه
  • Derivatives: المشتقات
    • the comparative/superlative. اسم التفضيل
    • nouns of the instrument. اسم اآللة
    • nouns of time and place. اسما الزمان و المكان
    • relative adjectives. اسم النسبة
  • Conditional sentences. الجملة الشرطية
  • Numerals (1 – 3000). العدد )فقط 3000 – 1(
  • Active and passive voice. الفاعل و نائب الفاعل
  • Nouns in the accusative: منصوبات األسماء
    • direct object. المفعول به
    • adverbs of place and time. المفعول فيه )ظرف(
    • adverb of circumstance. الحال
    • the exempted with illa. المستثنى بإال
    • specification. التمييز
    • the vocative. المنادى
See also JAMB Commerce Syllabus

Candidates should be able to:

  • identify the various forms of demonstrative and relative pronouns;
  • compare gender markers in Arabic;
  • identify the three basic characteristics of Arabic nouns;
  • differentiate between singular and dual forms of nouns;
  • construct plural forms of singular nouns;
  • identify construct phrases and their usages;
  • differentiate between separable and inseparable pronouns;
  • identify correct usage of adjectives, conjunctions and the permutative in Arabic sentences;
  • apply correct preposition in a given sentence;
  • differentiate between transitive and intransitive verbs and use them in sentences;
  • identify the perfect verbs and their forms;
  • identify the imperfect verbs and their grammatical words in sentences;
  • identify the imperative verbs and their forms;
  • identify the kinds of modifiers and apply them in Arabic usage;
  • differentiate between trilateral and derived verbs;
  • identify the types of derivatives;
  • apply the rules governing conditional sentences, identify them in sentences, construct them and differentiate them in normal sentences;
  • recognize and count Arabic numerals from 1 to 3000 and identify the intricacies involved in their usage;
  • distinguish between active and passive voice and apply them in sentences;
  • identify different types of adverbial clause, the exempted, specification, and the vocative as well as identify and use them in standard Arabic;

Section D: Composition

Topics

This section consists of five (5) questions on subjects relating to the lives and environment of the candidates, e.g.

  • Education
  • Culture
  • Health
  • Politics
  • Economy
  • Sports and
  • Current affairs.

Candidates should be able to:

  • use appropriate words for specific thoughts;
  • use correct idiomatic expressions in Arabic;
  • communicate effectively in Arabic;
  • express ideas clearly in Arabic;
  • demonstrate the use of common Arabic idioms and proverbs.

Section E: Arabic Literature

This section consists of ten (10) questions on notable literary figures and their works cutting across the various periods which include the following:

  • The Pre-Islamic Period (500 – 610 C.E.). العصر الجاهلي )حوالى 500 – 610م
    • Quss bin Sa’idah and his speech “Whoever lives, dies”. قس بن ساعدة و خطبته “من عاش مات”
    • Tumadir al-Khansa and her elegy “Sakhr the Dew”. تماضر الخنساء ورثاء ها ” صخر الندى”
  • The Islamic Period (610 – 1798 C.E.). العصور اإلسالمية )610 – 1798م
    • Al-Farazdaq and his praise of Zayn al-Abidin: “This is the one who knows the Bataha and its tread”. الفرزدق ومدحه لزين العابدين: “هذا الذي تعرف البطحاء وطأته”
    • Hassan bin Thabit and his poem on the conquest of Mecca: “We returned our horses if you did not see them”. حسان بن ثابت وقصيدته في فتح مكة: “عدمنا خيلنا إن لم تروها”
    • Jarir and his poem “The Sorrows of Love”: “I concealed my love until it overwhelmed me”. جرير وشعره “أشجان الهوى”: “لقد كتمت الهوى حتى تهيمني”
  • The Modern Period (1978 to date). العصر الحديث )1798م إلى اليوم
    • Al-Manfaluti and his book Al-Ibrat: “The Story of the Veil”. المنفلوطي وكتابه العبرات :“قصة الحجاب”
    • Iliya Abu Madi and his poem: “You did not complain and say that you are poor”. إيليا أبو ماضي وشعره :“لم تشتكي وتقول إنك معدم”
  • Arabic Literature In West Africa. الأدب العربي في غرب أفريقيا
    • Zakariyya Idris Hussein and his play: “The Upper Class”. زكريا إدريس حسين ومسرحيته: “الطبقة العليا”
    • Jamil Abd Allah al-Kanawi: “Repel with what is better”. جميل عبد هللا الكنوي: “ادفع بالتي هي أحسن”
See also JAMB Christian Religious Knowledge (CRK) Syllabus

Candidates should be able to:

  • identify pre-Islamic poetic traditions and conventions;
  • identify and analyze the style of figurative expressions contained in given Islamic literature;
  • describe the aesthetic features in literary texts and assess their modern cultural values;
  • evaluate areas of successful use of Arabic as a medium of West African novel and drama, analyse their contents and describe their major characteristics and plots.

Recommended Texts

  1. Comprehension, Composition and Translation
  • Bashir Ahmad Muhyi al-Din and al-Murdi Mukhtar al-Murdi: Al-Mutala’ah al-Wadihah. Kano: Tijaniyya and Sons. بشير أحمد محيي الدين و المرضي مختار المرضي: المطالعة الواضحة. كنو: شركة طن المى و أبنائه
  • Sayyid Hamra Malik: Al-Insha’ al-Arabi al-Mutawassit (for secondary schools) Ibadan: University Press PLC. 2005. سيد حمرة مالك: اإلنشاء العربى المتوسط )للمدارس الثانوية( إبادن مطبعة الجامعة ب. ل. س. 2005م
  • Abd al-Fattah Sabri and Ali Umar Bak: Al-Qira’ah al-Rashidah. Part 1 – 4 Cairo: Dar al-Ma’arif. عبد الفتاح صبرى و علي عمر بك: القراءة الرشيدة. الجزء 1 – 4 القاهرة: دار المعارف
  • Abd Allah al-Tayyib: Samir al-Talimiz. Part 1 – 2 Khartoum: Maktab al-Nashr. عبد هللا الطيب: سمير التالميذ الجزء 1 – 2 الخرطوم: مكتب النشر
  • Garba T. Zaria (1999): How to Write Composition: Kano University Press. غرب ط. زاريا )1999م(: كيف تكتب اإلنشاء: كنو مطبعة جامعة بايرو
  • Muhammad al-Awwal Abu Bakr and others: Al-Arabiyyah al-Maysirah al-Jadidah for the Secondary Stage. Ibadan: Spectrum Press. محمد األول أبوبكر و اآلخرون: العربية الميسرة الجديدة للمرحلة الثانوية. إبادن: دار سبكترم للطباعة و النشر
  • Muhammad Badi’ Sharif and Salim Hakim and al-Hajj Husayn Adamu: Al-Arabiyyah al-Jadidah fi Nigeria. Book 1 – 3 Ikeja: Longman. محمد بديع شريف و سليم حكيم و الحاج حسين آدمو: العربية الجديدة فى نيجيريا. الكتاب 1 – 3 إكيجا: لونغمان
  • Adekilekun, A. L. A.: Learning Arabic Language, Ilorin. أديكيليكون أ. ل. أ: تعلم اللغة العربية، إلورين
  • Balogun, I. A. B. and Oseni Z. I. (1982) A Modern Arabic Course Book 1 Lagos: Islamic Publications Bureau. بالوغون إ. أ. ب و أوسيني ز. إ )1982م( دورة عربية حديثة الكتاب 1 لاغوس: دار النشر اإلسالمية
  • Haywood, J. A. and Nahmad, H. M. (1965), A New Arabic Grammar of the Written Language, London: Lund Humphries. هيوود ج. أ و نحمد ح. م )1965م( قواعد عربية جديدة للغة المكتوبة، لندن: لوند همفريس
  • Malik, S. H. A. (1982) A Guide to Arabic Composition, Books I & II, Lagos I.P.B. مالك س. ح. أ )1982م( دليل اإلنشاء العربي، الكتاب 1 و 2 لاغوس دار النشر اإلسالمية
  • Arabic newspapers, magazines and journals. الصحف و المجالت و المجلات العربية

2. Grammar

Topics

Content

Major grammatical features in Arabic to be examined include:

  • Demonstrative and relative pronouns. أسماء الإشارة و الموصولة
  • Gender (Masculine and Femine). المذكر و المؤنث
  • Characteristics of noun. علامات الاسم
  • Dual. المثنى
  • Plurals: الجموع
    • sound masculine plural. جمع المذكر السالم
    • sound femine plural. جمع المؤنث السالم
    • broken plural. جمع التكثير
  • Construct phrases. المضاف و المضاف إليه
  • Separable and inseparable pronouns. الضمائر المنفصلة و المتصلة
  • Appendants: التوابع
    • adjective. النعت
    • conjunction. العطف
    • the permutative. البدل
    • emphasis. التوكيد
  • Prepositions. حروف الجر
  • Transitive & Intransitive verbs. الفعل اللازم والفعل المتعدي
  • The perfect verb. الفعل الماضى
  • The imperfect verb: الفعل المضارع
    • the indicative. المرفوع
    • the subjunctive. المنصوب
    • the jussive. المجزوم
  • The imperative verb. الفعل الأمر
  • The modifiers: النواسخ
    • Kana and its associates. كان و أخواتها
    • Inna and its associates. إن و أخواتها
    • Zanna and its associates. ظن و أخواتها
  • Trilateral and derived verbs. الفعل الثلاثى المجرد و المزيد فيه
  • Derivatives: المشتقات
    • the comparative/superlative. اسم التفضيل
    • nouns of instrument. اسم الآلة
    • nouns of time and place. اسما الزمان و المكان
    • relative adjectives. اسم النسبة
  • Conditional sentences. الجملة الشرطية
  • Numerals (1 – 3000). العدد )فقط 3000 – 1(
  • Active and passive voice. الفاعل و نائب الفاعل
  • Nouns in the accusative: منصوبات األسماء
    • direct object. المفعول به
    • adverbs of place and time. المفعول فيه )ظرف(
    • adverb of circumstance. الحال
    • the exempted with illa. المستثنى بإال
    • specification. التمييز
    • the vocative. المنادى
See also JAMB Economics Syllabus

Candidates should be able to:

  • identify the various forms of demonstrative and relative pronouns;
  • compare gender markers in Arabic;
  • identify the three basic characteristics of Arabic nouns;
  • differentiate between singular and dual forms of nouns;
  • construct plural forms of singular nouns;
  • identify construct phrases and their usages;
  • differentiate between separable and inseparable pronouns;
  • identify correct usage of adjectives, conjunctions and the permutative in Arabic sentences;
  • apply correct preposition in a given sentence;
  • differentiate between transitive and intransitive verbs and use them in sentences;
  • identify the perfect verbs and their forms;
  • identify the imperfect verbs and their grammatical words in sentences;
  • identify the imperative verbs and their forms;
  • identify the kinds of modifiers and apply them in Arabic usage;
  • differentiate between trilateral and derived verbs;
  • identify the types of derivatives;
  • apply the rules governing conditional sentences, identify them in sentences, construct them and differentiate them in normal sentences;
  • recognize and count Arabic numerals from 1 to 3000 and identify the intricacies involved in their usage;
  • distinguish between active and passive voice and apply them in sentences;
  • identify different types of adverbial clause, the exempted, specification, and the vocative as well as identify and use them in standard Arabic.

Books

1. COMPREHENSION, COMPOSITION AND TRANSLATION

1. بشير أحمد محيي الدين و المرضي مختار المرضي: المطالعة الواضحة. كنو: شركة طن لامى و أبنائه.

2. سيد حمرة مالك: الإنشاء العربى المتوسط (للمدارس الثانوية) إبادن مطبعة الجامعة ب. ل. س. 2005م.

3. عبد الفتاح صبرى و علي عمر بك: القراءة الرشيدة. الجزء 1 – 4 القاهرة: دار المعارف.

4. عبد الله الطيب: سمير التلاميذ الجزء 1 – 2 الخرطوم: مكتب النشر.

5. غرب ط. زاريا (1999م): كيف تكتب الإنشاء: كنو مطبعة جامعة بايرو.

6. محمد الأول أبوبكر و الآخرون: العربية الميسرة الجديدة للمرحلة الثانوية. إبادن: دار سبكترم للطباعة و النشر.

7. محمد بديع شريف و سليم حكيم و الحاج حسين آدمو: العربية الجديدة فى نيجيريا. الكتاب 1 – 3 إكيجا: لونغمان.

8. Adekilekun, A. L. A.: Learning Arabic Language, Ilorin.

9. Balogun, I. A. B. and Oseni Z. I. (1982) A Modern Arabic Course Book 1 Lagos: Islamic Publications Bureau.

10. Haywood, J. A. and Nahmad, H. M. (1965), A New Arabic Grammar of the Written Language, London: Lund Humphries.

11. Malik, S. H. A. (1982) A Guide to Arabic Composition, Books I & II, Lagos I.P.B.

12. Arabic newspapers, magazines and journals.

2. GRAMMAR

1. على الجارم و مصطفى أمين: النحو الواضح لمدارس المرحلة الأولية. الجرء 1 – 3. القاهرة: دار المعارف.

2. محمد أجروم الصنهاجى: متن الأجرومية. القاهرة.

3. محمد محيي الدين عبد الحميد: التحفة السنية بشرح المقدمة الأجرومية. بيروت: دار الفكر.

4. Haywood, J.A and Nahmad, H.M (1965), A New Arabic Grammar of the Written Language, London: Lund Humphries.

3. ARABIC LITERATURE

1 -زكريا حسين: المأدبة األدبية للطالب العربية في إفريقيا أوتثى: دار NECO/WAEC م2004 ا

2 -زكريا حسين: الطبقة العليا: دار النور أوتثى 2006م WAEC/NECO

3 -مصطفى لطفي المنفلوطي: العبرات بيروت والقاهرة )2004)WAEC/NECO

4 -جميل عبد هللا الكنوي: ادفع بالتي هي أحسن مكتبة الحكمة اإلسالمية NECO/WAEC )2013( ك

5 -أحمد االسكندري واآلخرون: المفصل في تاريخ األدب العربي NECO/WAEC

TRANSLITERATION OF THE ABOVE BOOKS

1- ZAKARIYAU I. OSENI: AL-MA’DUBAT AL-ADABIYYAH.

2- ZAKARIYAU I. OSENI: AL-TABAQATAL-ULYA (THE UPPER CLASS)

3- MUSTAPHA LUTFI AL-MANFALUTI: AL-ABARAT.

4- JAMIL ABDULLAHI ALKANAWI: IDFA’A BIL LATI HIYA AHSAN.

5- AHMAD AL-ASKANDARI WAL AKHARUN: ALMUFASSAL FI TARIKH AL-ADABUL ARABI.

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